Hope and Michael are a married couple in their thirties, living in Philadelphia, and struggling with everyday adult angst. Michael runs an ad agency with his friend. The global pornographic film industry is dominated by the United States, with the San Fernando Valley area of Los Angeles, California being the heart of the industry. A barbarian warrior sets off to avenge his parents and his tribe whom were slain by an evil sorcerer and his henchmen when he was a boy. The decade of the s tended to consolidate the gains made in the seventies rather than to initiate any new trends equal to the large number of disaster movies.
Film budgets skyrocketed due to special effects expensive digital effects and inflated salaries of name-recognition stars and their agents. Letters Home From Vietnam The film was immediately pulled, re-cut and then re-released five months later after being shortened by 70 minutes in - and still failed due to bad press. Sales and revenues from pre-sold theatrical features for videocassette reproduction and cable TV distribution contributed increased percentages for studios' earnings - sometimes outpacing box-office profits.
The era was characterized by the introduction of 'high-concept' films - with cinematic plots that could be easily characterized by one or two sentences 25 words or less - and therefore easily marketable and understandable.
On the other hand, multi-plex movie theatres with multiple screens spread across the country during the 80s, while the number of drive-in theatres drastically declined. Beverly Hills Cop with its 'fish-out-of-water' high concept, the sexy Thief of Hearts , the high-flying Top Gun - the epitome of Simpson's technique, and the stock-car racing film Days of Thunder again with Tom Cruise.
John Huston's first and sole musical, Annie , a dull, uninspired major flop that barely broke even - inspired by the Broadway musical. The decade of the s tended to consolidate the gains made in the seventies rather than to initiate any new trends equal to the large number of disaster movies.
A number of the studios were taken over by multi-national conglomerates as their entertainment divisions: Big business increasingly took control of the movies and the way was opened for the foreign mostly Japanese ownership of Hollywood properties.
There were a number of highly-touted films of the era that fared very poorly. However, fears of the demise of Hollywood proved to be premature.Hope and Michael are a married couple in their thirties, living in Philadelphia, and struggling with everyday adult angst.
The Introduction of 'High-Concept' Films. The s (pronounced "nineteen-eighties", commonly shortened as the "'80s", pronounced "eighties") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1. In retrospect, many of the blockbusters in the 80s, such as those mentioned above, were well-constructed films with strong characters and plots not entirely built upon their special-effects.
Multi-track Dolby stereo sound, the THX sound system named after George Lucas' first feature film , and Dolby SR "spectral recording" all designed to produce higher quality sound, noise reduction, surround-sound and other special effects were introduced in the 70s and 80s, and advertised as a special feature for films such as Amadeus and Aliens The decade of the s tended to consolidate the gains made in the seventies rather than to initiate any new trends equal to the large number of disaster movies, buddy movies, or "rogue cop" movies that characterized the previous decade.
The industry continued to pander to the tastes and desires of young people - one of the negative legacies of Star Wars of the late 70s.
Howard the Duck , based on Steve Gerber's 70s Marvel Comics character which went out of print in , and from executive producer George Lucas and his screenwriting pal, director Willard Huyck , was one of the worst and least successful big-budget films ever made.
To save money, many more films were being made in non-US locations by mid-decade. Michael runs an ad agency with his friend.
By the s, all the major pay-TV cable networks had expanded their output, creating original series, films and mini-series, along with producing documentaries, stand-up comedy, and sports programming. The film's colossal failure curtailed Hudson's major directorial efforts until the big-budget I Dreamed of Africa 15 years later, and Pacino wouldn't star in another film for four years until Sea of Love Sony Betamax that home video-taping for personal use was not a copyright infringement.
Following this model, Hollywood continued to search, with demographic research and a "bottom line mentality," for the one large "event film" that everyone including international audiences had to see with dazzling special effects technology, sophisticated sound tracks, mega-marketing budgets, and costly, highly-paid stars.
His action-packed, loud, flashy, simplistic, and tightly-structured films brought crowds to the multiplexes every summer.
Predictions were grim for the industry - production costs were soaring while ticket prices were declining.
Budgets and actors salaries skyrocketed out of control, and powerful agents for agencies such as Creative Artists Agency CAA negotiated outrageous deals. Who would know or be able to predict that other films would be successful: Other successes followed in the 80s: And one more at the start of the 90s, director Brian De Palma's political satire The Bonfire of the Vanities , vaguely based upon Tom Wolfe's best-selling saga about stockbroker Sherman McCoy, featured multi-million dollar contracts for its miscast stars Tom Hanks and Bruce Willis.
After the innovations of the 70s, films in the 80s were less experimental and original, but more formulaic, although there was a burst of films eager to capitalize on new special effects CGI techniques - now available.
Producer Don Simpson partnered with Jerry Bruckheimer has been credited with the creation of the high-concept picture or modern Hollywood blockbuster , although its roots could be seen in the late 70s i. Because costly film decisions were more in the hands of people making the financial decisions, not the film makers, movies were made only if they could guarantee financial success, thereby pandering to a few select, well-known star names attached to film titles without as much attention paid to intelligent scripts.
It was originally a 5-hour 25 minute version that was cut down to minutes for its November, NYC premiere. Trends of the 70s Extend Into the 80s: The Extra-Terrestrial with a lovable stranded alien, inspired by Peter Pan , the resurrection themes of Christianity, and with an anti-science bias.
A few independent film companies, such as New Line Cinema and Miramax , began to make more experimental and offbeat films to fill the gaps provided by the major studios.
Most big-screen event movies, scheduled to be released at advantageous times at summer and Christmas-time would take expensive fortunes to produce - but they promised potentially lucrative payoffs. His conservative reign and hard-edged approach toward the Soviet Union was reflected in Hollywood's many action-adventure films of the decade with aggressive, macho stars Rocky, Rambo, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Chuck Norris, Steven Seagal, Clint Eastwood and others - even his futuristic anti-missile defense system co-opted the name of Lucas' 70s film Star Wars Jodie Foster was stalked by mentally-impaired John Hinckley, who tried to impress the actress by attempting to assassinate Reagan in late March, actress and aerobics guru Jane Fonda sporting a striped leotard and leg warmers released a workout videotape, Jane Fonda's Workout , that became one of the hottest best-sellers for years, due to the increased proliferation of the home VCR George Lucas' THX sound system made its debut - the first movie to be shown in a THX-certified auditorium was Return of the Jedi - see more below during the making of Twilight Zone: Bank-rolled support for independent 'auteur' directors of the New Wave of 70s directors who controlled their own production costs with little studio oversight ended when this film's egotistical director Best Director winner for The Deer Hunter was criticized as being self-indulgent, financially irresponsible and ego-driven.
The pre-recorded video of Disney's Sleeping Beauty brought sales of over a million copies when it was released in The Introduction of 'High-Concept' Films The decade of the s tended to consolidate the gains made in the seventies rather than to initiate any new trends equal to the large number of disaster movies, buddy movies, or "rogue cop" movies that characterized the previous decade. There were others that were successful, such as Ghostbusters , Romancing the Stone , and Back to the Future , and their successive sequels.
The personal cinema of 70s auteur directors such as Francis Ford Coppola, William Friedkin, Peter Bogdanovich, Martin Scorsese and Steven Spielberg was now superceded by the advent of the "blockbuster" phenomenon that they had created with The Godfather and Jaws Designed and packaged for mass audience appeal, few 80s films became what could be called 'classics'. The Search for a Blockbuster: The Extra-Terrestrial surpassed 15 million!
A barbarian warrior sets off to avenge his parents and his tribe whom were slain by an evil sorcerer and his henchmen when he was a boy.
And then to illustrate the burgeoning video industry over the next few years, sales of E. Lucas hired Willard Hyuck and his wife Gloria Katz the screenwriter for Lucas' film American Graffiti to write the big-screen version. His lowest common-denominator films reflected the MTV generation, such as in his debut film Flashdance - with its pop soundtrack and iconic 'freeze-frame' ending.
It grew to become a major nationwide chain of stores, yet faced increased competition from video-on-demand VOD , satellite TV, and lower-priced tapes combined with a shrinking market in the late s.